S@x reassignment surgery or SRS (also known as gender reassignment surgery, genital reconstruction surgery, gender confirmation surgery or s@x realignment surgery) is the surgical procedure (or procedures) by which a transgender person’s physical appearance and function of their existing se*ual characteristics are altered to resemble that socially associated with their identified gender. It is part of a treatment for gender dysphagia in transgender people. Related genital surgeries may also be performed on inters2x people, often in infancy. A 2013 statement by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture condemns the non consensual use of normalization surgery on inters@x people.
Surgical procedures are commonly categorized by urgency, type of procedure, body system involved, degree of inventiveness, and special instrumentation.
Based on timing: Elective surgery is done to correct a non-life-threatening condition, and is carried out at the patient’s request, subject to the surgeon’s and the surgical facility’s availability. A semi-elective surgery is one that must be done to avoid permanent disability or death, but can be postponed for a short time. Emergency surgery is surgery which must be done promptly to save life, limb, or functional capacity.
Based on purpose: Exploratory surgery is performed to aid or confirm a diagnosis. Therapeutic surgery treats a previously diagnosed condition. Cosmetic surgery is done to subjectively improve the appearance of an otherwise normal structure.
By type of procedure: Amputation involves cutting off a body part, usually a limb or digit; castration is also an example. Resection is the removal of all of an internal organ or body part, or a key part (lung lobe; liver quadrant) of such an organ or body part that has its own name or code designation. Re-plantation involves reattaching a severed body part. Reconstructive surgery involves reconstruction of an injured, mutilated, or deformed part of the body. Excision is the cutting out or removal of only part of an organ, tissue, or other body part from the patient. Transplant surgery is the replacement of an organ or body part by insertion of another from different human (or animal) into the patient. Removing an organ or body part from a live human or animal for use in transplant is also a type of surgery.